IMOS current meters on coastal and deep water moorings around Australia

National Mooring Network
continental shelf
Deep Water Moorings
continental margin
Use the text index or the calendar above to see both: text index
1) multi-depth-layer map views of the velocity (with and without tides), e.g.:
2) depth-time plots of velocity (resolved along subtidal major and minor axes), backscatter, depth and temperature, e.g.:

Revision history

14 Mar 2017 Another year of new and/or re-processed ANMN data have now been added to our suite of plots. All 594 instrument deployments have been reloaded from the THREDDS server to ensure that they are current. Users should note that some data files in the archive still have erroneous or missing location, timezone (AEST when metadata says UTC) or magnetic declination information. These files, and the identified issues are listed in the text index. The time corrections and magnetic declinations we have used are all listed in the updated [details table].

19 Jan 2016 Another year of new and/or re-processed ANMN data (55 instrument deployments) have now been added to our suite of plots. All 494 instrument deployments have been reloaded from the THREDDS server to ensure that they are current. Some data files with erroneous or missing location, timezone or magnetic declination information have been corrected prior to calculation of tidal constituents. The applied time correction and magnetic declinations used are all listed in the updated [details table].

2 Feb 2015 Many new (especially ITF, KIM and PIL arrays) and/or re-processed (especially NRSKAI) ANMN data added. The updated [time index] page shows the magnitude of tidal residual currents after timing errors in a few data sets have been corrected.

29 Jan 2015 Tidal analysis has now been performed on all the ANMN velocity data (using the excellent uTide package). Summaries of the analyses have been added to the details table. See also the [tidal ellipse maps]. The [time index] pages now show the magnitude of the tidal-residual velocity as well as the total speed, graphicly demonstrating the very large variation that exists around the country of the relative importance of tidal and non-tidal velocity components.

21 Jan 2015 Non-ADCP current meter (Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter, or ADV) data are now shown in addition to ANMN and ABOS ADCP data. We now also show the Satellite Remote Sensing Altimeter Calibration sub-facility SRS-ALT ADV data. The ABOS ADV data are very numerous so they are plotted separately. Some are much deeper than the ADCPs so we have defined a new set of 8 depth-strata for windowing the data.

15 Jan 2015 We have just re-plotted all the ANMN ADCP data. 33 new or re-processed (using toolbox 2.3b) ANMN/NRS deployments have become available since 20 Sep 2014. The ABOS deployments have all been re-processed (and now re-plotted) to correct an error in the processing of the backscatter data.

25 Sep 2014 Reprocessed SAIMOS data files (with corrected coordinate orientation information), and SA data for 2013 are now available from the IMOS portal. We have refreshed all our plots, which now show better alignment of the flow with bathymetry. We also looked a bit more closely at the consistency of the metadata and tabulated some diagnostics. See the new [details] link at the top of the text index page.

29 Aug 2014 Re-plotted all the ANMN velocity data. What's new:


ADCP - Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler. The ANMN and ABOS facilities have used several types: the RDI Workhorse, RDI Continental and Nortek AWAC units, all deployed as upward- or downward-looking units, either rigidly on the bottom, or in taut moorings.

U, V - Current velocity components along orthogonal axes. These estimates are at a number of equi-spaced vertical distances from the ADCP, i.e. the manufacturer's software has taken the tilt of the unit into account. For ADCPs on short mooring lines (e.g. those of the Shelf Array) that do not undergo large vertical displacement, these data can be used directly to estimate velocity at a range of depth levels. This is what we used to do here but now we take the vertical motion of the ADCP into account in order to show velocity in depth coordinates.

ABSI - Acoustic Back-Scatter Intensity, without correction for the average range-dependent attenuation.

ADCP-T - Temperature at the depth of the ADCP.

ADCP-P - Pressure at the depth of the ADCP. This is a measure of both the mooring motion and the tidal elevation, and is shown to help trouble-shoot apparently spurious estimates of U and V. In some files this is a constant. Note that some instruments may suffer drift of the pressure data. Note also that moorings lines do stretch with time, so decreasing instrument depth is perfectly plausible.

ADCP-D - Depth of the ADCP. For some files this is missing, so we use ADCP-P, or the 'nominal depth' in the global attributes.

ADCP-tilt - A combination of the ADCP Pitch and Roll data, which are in the ADCP instrumental coordinate system.

SurfaceBinKnockdown - This is a diagnostic calculation of the approximate depth anomaly of the nominal surface bin resulting from the instrument tilt, also shown just for trouble-shooting purposes.

Surface blanking interval - ADCP velocity estimates are contaminated by side-lobe interference with the surface for a significant distance beneath the surface. The thickness of this affected layer is about 12% of the nominal instrument depth but also depends on the instrument acoustic characteristics (frequency, beam width, etc), the tilt and the sea state.

For further information

National Mooring Network
Deep Water Moorings
National Reference Stations
AIMS moorings website